8 Interesting Facts About Shabad Kirtan
Music has always been an integral part of religion all over the world. Music possesses the power to calm the mind and even entrance the listener. And especially when sung or played in a religious atmosphere, it can help the devotee go closer to God. Shabad kirtan or Gurbani kirtan is the Sikh form of spiritual music, which is based on the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs.
Here are 8 things you need to know about this mesmerising form of music called shabad kirtan:
Shabad kirtan has its roots in the Hindu religious music kirtan.
The hymns can be sourced only from these compositions, i.e. Adi Granth, Dasam Granth, Bhai Gurdas’ vaars and kabits and Bhai Nandlal’s poems.
There are three types of Sikh musicians, which are rababis, ragis, and dhadhis.
Gurudwaras hold kirtan sessions regularly. The ones held at the Golden Temple in Amritsar are extremely famous.
Shabad kirtan is different from the Hindu form of kirtan in the fact that shabad kirtan is based on the hymns recorded in the Guru Granth Sahib, which are called Gurbani, meaning ‘speech of wisdom’.
The Guru Grants Sahib consists of 31 ragas and 17 taalas, on which the musical compositions of shabad kirtan are based.
The hymns are normally sung to the accompaniment of Indian classical instruments such as tabla and harmonium. But nowadays, Western instruments such as guitar are also used.
A Sikh is supposed to listen to or sing kirtan frequently to guide him in his spiritual journey.